Arthritis&autoimmune diseases in Kuwait

What is arthritis?

Arthritis literally means joint inflammation. Arthritis is not a single disease. Arthritis refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases and other conditions that can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints.The two most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis(OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

 

How common is arthritis in gulf area?

According to recent studies in the region, more than one in three Gulf residents aged above 40 suffers from chronic arthritic joint pain. The prevalence of the condition increases from 30% in 45 year olds to 60% in 65 year olds, according to medical experts in the region. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and begins with the breakdown of joint cartilage resulting in pain and stiffness, usually in the fingers, knees, hips, and spine.

 

How common is OA in Kuwait?

Osteoarthritis remains one of the most common forms of musculoskeletal disease described in all countries of the globe. It is the fourth most common predictor of health problems worldwide in women and the eighth most common predicator of ill health in males according to world health organization data. Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent form of arthritis in the United States, affecting more than 70% of adults between 55 and 78 years of age. Women are affected more than men. There is no clear prevalence numbers for Kuwait, but experts believe it’s very close to the prevalence in western countries. In one study researcher found out*, that knee OA was seen in (94.2%) patients that were included from one main hospital in Kuwait. The mean age of this group was 53.18 years with a range of 39–97 years. The female to male ratio was 2.82. Furthermore, OA was bilateral in 84.62% and predominantly involved the medial tibiofemoral joint.

*Characteristics of osteoarthritis among Kuwaitis: A hospital-based study. A. N. Malaviya, D. Shehab, S. Bhargava, K. Al-Jarallah, A. Al-Awadi, P. N. Sharma, S. Al-Ghuriear and A. Al-Shugayer.

 

How common is RA in Kuwait?

Rheumatoid arthritis affectsabout 1% of the world’s population, women three times more often than men. Onset is most frequent between the ages of 30 and 50, but people of any age can be affected. It can be a disabling and painful condition, which can lead to substantial loss of functioning and mobility if not adequately treated. There is no clear numbers for the incidence of this disease in Kuwait, but experts in the field belief ts close to 1%.

 

What is gout and how common is this disease in Kuwait?

Gout is a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot (other joint can be affected) caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints. The word ‘prevalence’ of Gout usually means the estimated population of people who are managing Gout at any given time (i.e. people with Gout). This number is approx 1 in 363 or 0.28% in USA. Its estimated that more than 6000 people in Kuwait is suffering from this condition (these statistics are calculated extrapolations of various prevalence rates against the populations of a particular country).

 

How common is osteoporosis in Kuwait?

Results from the Anlene bone health check showed that more that one third (approximately 20,000) of 50,000 volunteers screened, are at moderate to high risk of developing osteoporosis, the disease that leads to breaks and fractures in brittle bones. The Anlene Bone Health Check is a free bone-scanning program for adults, which took place across the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.One in three women scanned in the UAE and nearly half the women in KSA had low bone quality and were at a high risk of developing osteoporosis related fractures.

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